What is High Speed Rail?

High speed train.


High speed rail is broadly used to describe railway systems operating at speeds of 200 kilometres per hour (km/h) or more. In general, metro or commuter railway systems operate at 80 to 120 km/h.

The world's first high-speed rail was Japan's Shinkansen which started operating in 1964. Express rail transport is a major global trend. Nowadays, high speed rail networks are widely operated in France, Germany, Spain, Italy, Switzerland, Belgium, China, Japan and South Korea.

High speed rail is an alternative to short-haul flying. High speed rail is convenient, fast, clean, and comfortable. It generates both social and economic benefits, including shortening of travelling time, high capacity, reduced land use, higher energy efficiency, environmental friendliness, and a high level of safety and reliability. High speed rail networks around the world have also demonstrated their effectiveness in stimulating economic growth.

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